Main menu


What you should know about glycemic index


Article Body:

Applying GI to real-life diets is complex, weigh all information before counting on glycemic index. 

If you check different sources on the GI of foods, the numbers don't always match. 

The glycemic index takes under consideration only the sort of carbohydrate, not the quantity of carbohydrate, during a usual serving. Some foods are more concentrated sources of carbohydrates than others. for instance , cake has 52 grams of carbohydrate during a usual serving, while carrots deliver only 6 grams of carbohydrate during a serving. So albeit the glycemic index of carrots is higher (47, vs. 38 for cake) cake goes to possess a way greater total effect on blood glucose , because it takes 81 servings of carrots to equal the carbohydrate during a serving of cake. 

The GI during a given food can vary, counting on where it's grown and the way it's processed and cooked. Australian potatoes have a better GI than American potatoes. generally , the more processed the food, the upper the GI. 

Even cooking pasta for a extended time can raise the GI. 

Generally, whole grains have a lower GI than refined grains. But glycemic index rankings are often confusing: 

Bran flakes and Cheerios have a GI of 74. Shredded wheat is 75, and Fruit Loops, 69. 

Long-grain polished rice averaged 56 in 10 studies (it ranges between 41 and 64), while rice averaged 55 (50-66). 

The average GI of light bread in six studies was 70 and of whole grain bread was 71. 

And, ironically, sugars have a lower GI than starches, because starches are made up totally of glucose molecules, and sugars aren't . So Coca-Cola features a lower GI than Grape-nuts flakes. 

Studies that establish the GI of foods measure the response to a food consumed all by itself. But most folks don't eat like that. What's important is predicting the effect of the food as a part of a meal. 

Experts disagree on the worth of the glycemic index. 

The American Diabetes Association says that "the relationship between glycemic index and glycemic load and therefore the development of type 2 diabetes remains unclear at this point ." 

The Canadian and Australian Diabetes Associations have endorsed GI as a tool for improved blood sugar control. Some dietitians who work with people with diabetes recommend that their clients address other diet issues first, like total carbohydrate and meal spacing, then try the GI concept to ascertain if that improves blood sugars further. 

There's no doubt that different foods produce different glucose responses,but the entire carbohydrate has far more of an impact than the GI. 

If you've got hard time using GI diets, a far better approach is to eat on the brink of the farm. Avoid highly refined foods and specialise in lean meats, beans and legumes, whole grains and fresh fruits and vegetables.