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In the southwestern us lives a singular animal called the Gila monster . what's so unique about this lizard-like creature is that the incontrovertible fact that it only eats 3 times a year. Why does it only get hungry every four months? Scientists, within the never-ending look for new medications, began to review the Gila monster . What they need come up with is actually remarkable.


The saliva of the animal contains a chemical that's enhancing the lives of the many diabetics. What this chemical, called glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), does for diabetics is that the latest breakthrough within the fight against this disease. one among the advantages is that the increase of glucose-dependent insulin secretion. This mimics our own body’s response to food; releasing insulin only we'd like it. This process greatly reduces the height and valley insulin levels usually related to conventional insulin injections. It also increases the function of the insulin producing cells within the body.


The real breakthrough during this chemical is what's called beta-cell neogenesis. Beta-cells are located on the pancrease and are liable for the discharge of insulin into the body. during a diabetic person, these beta-cells either die or stop producing insulin. This chemical actually causes the body to form more beta-cells. this is often truly the start of a cure. 


So where does the load loss inherit play? A side effect is decreased gastric emptying; meaning the food you eat stays in your stomach longer, up to fourfold longer. So your body is telling you that you simply are “full” for a extended time, because you're full. It also works on the a part of the brain that causes pleasure when eating. many of us overeat due to the pleasurable sensation they receive, perceived or not. GLP-1 decreases this pleasure enough to form people just “not desire eating any more” than is important for survival. 


In real world studies, GLP-1 is shown to cause a tenth to fifteen decrease in overall weight . due to the food staying longer within the stomach, many of us feel nauseous after eating. this sense usually goes away after a few days and is usually caused by eating an excessive amount of . The stomach isn't moving the food through the gastrointestinal system causing a “back-up” of the system. many of us are wont to eating a particular amount of food at each meal. With this drug, you'll feel “full” faster and thus eat less.


The drug is named Byetta (exenatide) and is marketed because it's the primary medication which will enable patients with type 2 diabetes to realize glycemic control while reducing or eliminating the danger of hypoglycemia and weight gain. it's injectable only and therefore the monthly cost is approximately $200 and must be kept refrigerated until administered.